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Hoosier History Live is an independently produced new media project about Indiana history, integrating podcasts, website, newsletter, and social media. Its original content comes initially from a live with call in weekly talk radio show hosted by author and historian Nelson Price. You can hear the show live Saturdays from noon to 1 pm ET. It’s over the air in Central Indiana at WICR 88.7 fm, or you can stream at the WICR HD1 app on your phone.


New show podcasts are up!

July 08, 2023-Digging deep into an early major cemetery on the White River Click here for podcast.

For a complete list of show podcasts and show enewsletters, please go to ARCHIVES on our website.

August 12, 2023

Circus Heritage, then and now, in Peru, Indiana

Once upon a historic time, a touring circus started spending the winter in the Indiana city of Peru. Circus performers, exotic animals (camels, tigers, ostriches, hippos and more) and equipment would "winter" and train in the town in Miami County.

Those beginnings in the late 1800s kick-started a heritage that flourishes, in a different way, to this day in Peru, which trumpets itself as the "Circus Capital of the World".

Every summer now, the Peru Amateur Circus showcases a youth program in which about 200 local young people from ages 7 to 21 practice and perform acts such as juggling, tumbling and flying on the trapeze under a permanent, three-ring "big top". It's part of the Circus City Festival's fanfare that also features one of the largest parades in Indiana.

To share insights about the deep circus heritage in Peru and how it was revived after the "wintering" of traveling circuses ended in the early 1940s, Nelson will be joined in studio by three guests. The guests, all from Miami County and board members of the Peru Amateur Circus, will be:

  • Tim Bessignano, a circus historian who also has served for 33 years on the Circus City Festival's board. He oversees the circus wagon shop and the acquisition of horses for the parade.

  • Kathi Greene, who has been immersed in the circus heritage in Peru for 51 years, starting when she was one of the original youth performers. She has been a rigger, clown and trainer; her grandchildren are the fourth-generation of her family to be involved in the circus.

  • And Matt Barnett, a history teacher at Maconaquah Middle School.

The historic, former winter headquarters of the touring circus is now the home of the International Circus Hall of Fame, a museum and National Historic Landmark.

The circus heritage started with Benjamin Wallace, a Civil War veteran from the Peru area who, in 1892, purchased 220 acres (the future winter quarters site) along the Mississinewa River. He bought the Hagenbeck Circus, which then became the Hagenbeck-Wallace Circus.

It eventually became part of the American Circus Corporation, had several circuses under its umbrella and owned one of the world's largest collections of exotic animals. Many of them wintered in Peru, with the result that, by the 1920s, their winter quarters became a popular tourist attraction.

The American Circus Corporation's fierce rival was the Ringling Brothers & Barnum Bailey Circus. But the traveling circus business was hard hit by the Great Depression; in 1941, the winter quarters in Peru closed.

The revival of the circus heritage in the city in the 1960s is credited to Robert Weaver, an artist from Peru who liked to paint circus themes. He founded the Circus City Festival in his hometown.

Today, the Circus City Festival, in addition to the Peru Amateur Circus, includes the parade, performances by the Circus City Band and other events. Thousands of visitors attend the Peru Amateur Circus.

Some fun facts:

  • During the early 1900s, parades were a way to promote a traveling circus that would be coming to town. "A steam calliope would be played in the parade," our guest Matt Barnett says, noting that a historic calliope is still used in Peru's parade.

  • A well-known animal trainer, Terrell Jacobs, worked at the winter quarters during the 1920s, then bought land south of Peru in 1940 and opened his own circus. He constructed two barns that housed exotic animals. Those barns have been demolished.

  • The Circus City Festival extends for several days in mid-July. The Peru Amateur Circus typically has 10 performances.


It takes a village to make Hoosier History Live!

Yes, fans and readers, it takes many people working hard behind the scenes to bring you the Hoosier History Live enewsletter, podcasts, website updates, and social media. And with updates each and every week! You may just see and hear the finished product. But pictured here is the hard working team! L to R, Cheryl Lamb, Ryan DeRome, Corene Nickel, Molly Head, and Nelson Price.

We all do a little bit of everything, and it is a tremendous effort!

We ARE an independent production group, and we DO need money in order to survive as such. Everything we do costs money. For example, we used to pay our editors to publish our show podcasts each and every week. But now we cut costs by publishing our podcasts in batches. In the same way that, say, print newspapers continue to cut their costs, or simply don't exist any more.

Executive producer and project creator Molly Head says, "Good journalism is good journalism regardless of whether it is published for print or for online. Or chiseled on cave walls, for that matter! Smart people put their efforts into publishing online. And I don't think that Hoosier History Live does a good enough job of projecting the fact that we DO need money. Or, I think there is a lot of misunderstanding about how we operate.

I operate Hoosier History Live as a small business. For me, it's a more effective form of management."



"Hoosier History Live is a haven of trustworthy knowledge. Molly Head and Nelson Price are fulfilling a valuable role in making quality scholarship about our state readily available to on-the-go listeners, expanding how we engage with the history and culture of Indiana."

-Wayne Hastings, Bloomington listener and library science student

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Your contributions help keep Hoosier History Live on the air, on the web and in your inbox!


Roadtrip: Portland Arch in Fountain County

Guest Roadtripper and broadcast veteran Ken Marshall suggests a hiking trip to west central Indiana to explore Portland Arch, one of the few natural bridges in Indiana. The 435-acre nature preserve near the Wabash River in Fountain County encompasses the wooded valleys, ravines and rocky cliffs around the lowest section of Bear Creek, which flows northwest toward the Wabash River. Its name comes from the nearby town of Fountain, which was originally named Portland, and from a natural sandstone bridge carved by a small tributary of Bear Creek.

The area was home to Native American tribes long before Indiana became a state. Tribes of the Delaware, Potawatomi, Shawnee, Kickapoo, Chippawa and others before European settlers inhabited the area. Portland Arch was also a popular resort for tourists, and later a Boy Scout camp.

Now Portland Arch is a National Natural Landmark, as well as a nature preserve, and is managed by the Indiana Department of Natural Resources.

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We'd like to thank the following recent individual contributors who make this show possible. For a full list of contributors over the years, visit  Support the Show on our website.

  • Dave and Theresa Berghoff
  • Joseph B. Young III
  • Tom Cochrun
  • Norma Erickson
  • Marion Wolen
  • Jane Ammeson
  • Kathleen Angelone
  • Bruce and Julie Buchanan
  • Mark Ruschman
  • Robin Winston
  • Phil and Pam Brooks
  • Rachel Berenson Perry
  • Kevin Murray
  • Susan Bielawski in memory of Jane Bielawski
  • Jill Lough Chambers
  • Sandra Hurt

Molly Head, executive producer (317) 506-7164 
Nelson Price, host and historian
Corene Nickel, web designer and tech manager

Richard Sullivan and Ryan DeRome, tech consultants
Cheryl Lamb, administrative manager
Pam Fraizer, graphic designer


Please tell our sponsors that you appreciate their support!

Facebook logo links to the Hoosier History Live! page.Twitter logo for Hoosier History Live.Acknowledgements to WICR-FM, Fraizer Designs, Monomedia, Henri Pensis, Maddie Fisher, Austin Cook, and many other individuals and organizations. We are independently produced and are self-supporting through organizational sponsorship and through individual contribution, either online at our yellow button on our newsletter or website, or by U.S. mail. For organizational sponsorship, which includes logos, links, and voiced credits in our podcasts and in our show, please contact Molly Head at (317) 506-7164 or email her at molly@hoosierhistorylive.org.

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